A soldering station is an industrial equipment used to solder, i.e. to join two components of electrical equipment together. It is chiefly used for hand soldering of electronic components onto a PCB (printed circuit board)/ PWB ( printed wire board).
A printed circuit board is a small board made up of electricity conducting and heat resistant materials like fibreglass. These are usually found in mobile phones, radio sets, etc., but they are of no good use until electronic components are soldered upon them. Hence soldering station is a vital tool in the electronics industry.
A soldering station consists of a station which controls the temperature of soldering iron. Temperature control in a solder plays an essential role as when the tip of the iron solder touches the joint it’s temperature drops as the heat energy is transferred from the iron to the joint.
Most of the service centres use this equipment to repair damaged circuit boards of mobile phones and other electronic devices. The equipment is available in two different forms one has an analogue temperature control unit, and other has a digital temperature control unit.
The analogue controlled soldering stations only have knobs to increase or decrease the temperature of an iron solder, and it is used for the devices where very accurate temperature control is not required because it doesn’t display temperature setting usually used in mobile phone repairment.
However, on the other hand, the digital control soldering station has settings to set the accurate temperature required; it also displays the current set temperature. This makes it much more efficient than the analogue counterpart. Also, it is a little more expensive than the analogue station.
There are chances of leakage of electrical charge while using these machines as these soldering stations may or may not be ESD safe. the ESD ( electrostatic discharge) safe soldering units don’t allow the rapid transfer of charge that occurs when objects at different potential come close to each other.
To prohibit static charge, these stations are well grounded or earthed to discharge unwanted electricity in the ground. Thus no static charge is built on the soldering station or iron solder.
Being aware of the fact that temperature can affect the soldering process evidently, most manufacturers are switching towardsLeadfree solder wires by the reason that melting point of lead is observed to be near 183 Degree Celsius while melting point of lead-free solder wire is 217-221 Degree Celsius, which makes it more heat tolerant.
In totality, a good solder station should consist of the following properties as discussed above. It should be ESD safe, lead-free and should enable accurate temperature control setting. This article attempts to empower people by providing a soldering station guide, to help them buy the best soldering station.